The Canadian Press | Sept 11, 2013

Statistics Canada's third and final release of 2011 National Household Survey data illustrates, among other things, how much Canadians have been earning and where they have been living. Some highlights:

  • Fully one-quarter of Canadian households, about 3.3 million, spent 30 per cent or more of their total income on shelter, exceeding the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation's "affordability threshold." They paid an average of $1,259 a month, surpassing the 30 per cent mark by an average of $510.
  • Ten per cent of Canadians earned more than $80,400 in 2010, averaging $134,900; the top one per cent averaged $381,300, and 64 per cent of them lived in Ontario and Alberta. The bottom 90 per cent of Canadians earned an average of $28,000.
  • Men accounted for 79.5 per cent of the top one per cent earners, and 62 per cent were between 45 and 64 years of age. More than two-thirds of Canada's top one per cent have a university degree.
  • Sixty-nine per cent of households in Canada — 9.2 million out of 13.3 million — owned their dwelling in 2011, a marginal increase from 2006 compared with the more dramatic spikes in ownership of the previous 15 years.
  • 4.8 million Canadians, or 14.9 per cent, lived in low-income households in 2010.
  • About half a million tenant households lived in subsidized housing, with 37 per cent of them spending 30 per cent or more of total income on shelter costs.
  • Four out of five households that purchased a home between 2006 and 2011 had a mortgage; one in five bought a condominium.
  • In 2010, more than 95 per cent of Canadians aged 15 and older collected some form of income with a median total of $29,900; 70 per cent received some government transfers — Canada Pension Plan, employment insurance, or old age security benefits, for example.
  • Employment income accounted for 87.8 per cent of total income in the Northwest Territories, the highest in the country. At the other end of the spectrum was Prince Edward Island at 68.6 per cent of total income.
  • Single-parent males with kids under six earned 81.5 per cent of their income through employment; for female single parents, it was just 54.9 per cent.